Kenya is a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) which, In June 2011, unanimously endorsed the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) and called on all Member States to develop National Action Plans (NAPs) to promote the implementation of the UNGPs within their respective national contexts.
The UN guiding principles on business and human rights (UNGPs) reiterate existing obligations of states and other actors and provide the first globally agreed standard for preventing and addressing the risk of adverse impacts on human rights linked to business activity.
The Guiding Principles set the baseline responsibility of all enterprises as, respect for human rights wherever they operate. Beyond that, enterprises may voluntarily undertake additional human rights commitments.
The Guiding Principles apply to all States and to all business enterprises, transnational and others, regardless of their size, sector, location, ownership and structure. They are based on the UN Protect, Respect and Remedy Framework which recognizes the complimentary but distinct roles of the States and businesses to protect and respect human rights.
They have been endorsed by other business reporting mechanisms including: The African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights (ACHPR); The U.N. Global Compact; The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); and the European Commission.